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For most people, snakes cause almost sacred horror. We will tell below about the most dangerous types of them.
Taipan. Oxyuranus scutellatus lives in northeastern Australia. These snakes reach a length of 3.5 meters. Taipans have a very strong poison - one bite contains so much of it that is enough to kill 100 people or 250 thousand mice. In one bite, up to 100 mg of poison can be released. Taipan studies are steeped in tragic stories. For a long time, people could not catch this snake at all, scientists in their research relied only on the legends of local aborigines. In 1867, a single copy of the taipan was found, according to which it was described. For 56 years, no new information about the snake has been reported. But people badly needed an antidote - more than 80 people died from Taipan bites in Australia every year. On June 28, 1950, an important historical expedition began. A young scientist, Kevin Baden, set out from Sydney to capture the taipan. He managed to find a mysterious snake, but when he took it in his arms, she bit him on the finger. Baden was unable to escape, but managed to deliver the snake to scientists for further study.
Mulga. The species Pseudechis australis has received the nickname "The Brown King". This snake also lives in Australia, growing up to 2.5-3 meters. Mulga is a very dangerous snake, as it produces a lot of poison. The average snake can excrete up to 150 mg at a time. Mulgu can be found almost anywhere in Australia. Especially often the snake is found in the north and west of the mainland. Mulga does not live only in the states of Tasmania and Victoria. The snake has chosen for itself forests, meadows, deserts, pastures, abandoned burrows and deep cracks. But the mulge don't like rainforests. The main food of the snake is other reptiles, including poisonous snakes, frogs, lizards. Mulga can attack birds and even mammals. The body of the snake is very well adapted to digest other dangerous creatures, as a result of which their poison is harmless to mulgi.
Krayt. This species, called Bungarus candidus, is common in South Asia, Australia and the islands of the Malay Archipelago. The snake reaches a length of 1.5-2 meters, and a portion of its poison is enough to kill 10 people. Krayt prefers to spend time in dry places, in which there are many hiding places for her - burrows, bushes, dead wood. Often the snake penetrates man-made lands, houses and yards. This is what caused the frequent contacts and attacks on people. Snakes not only cross the path of travelers, but also penetrate locked dwellings and rooms, slipping into bathrooms and bedrooms, entering closets. The most common is tape krait, or pama. It lives in southern China, India and Burma. The entire one and a half meter body of the snake is covered with alternating yellow and black rings. The poison of krait is so strong that even the viper, considered the most susceptible to many types of poison, can die from it. During the day, a meeting with a krait is almost safe, he is unlikely to attack. At this time, the snake is rather sluggish, it hides from the sun, moving slowly. Even if she is disturbed, the krait will not rush at the offender, but will prefer to crawl to the side and curl up into a ring. The diurnal lifestyle and the large number of the species contribute to frequent meetings with humans. But at night the krait are completely different, they are extremely unfriendly. Snakes can attack even if they are not threatened. The poison of the kraits is so strong that the bitten chicken dies in 15 minutes. The scientist Roussel studied the effects of the venom of this snake. It turned out that 10 minutes after the bite, the dog began to twitch the wounded limb, lift it up. However, the dog could still stand. After another 5 minutes, the dog lay down and began to bark. Less than half an hour after the bite, both hind legs were already paralyzed. During the second hour, the paralysis only worsened and breathing became heavy. By the end of the second hour, the dog was dying.
Tiger snake. The Notechis scutatus species is found in Australia, except for its northernmost regions, Tasmania and some islands on the southern coast of the country. The length of the snake reaches 1.5-2 meters. She is famous for the fact that among all the snakes living on the planet, it is she who has the most powerful poison. Small animals die from bites very quickly, literally in a matter of seconds. The glands of the tiger snake contain enough poison to kill 400 people. It acts on the victim's nervous system, leading to paralysis. The poison quickly reaches the nerve centers that control breathing and heartbeat. As a result, it stops, and the victim cannot even breathe. When a tiger snake is agitated, it lifts the front of its body high, causing the head and neck to flatten. Meeting the tiger snake is a dangerous adventure. True, the locals are trying to calm down the frightened tourists. Indeed, despite all the danger of a tiger snake bite, she is also the most cowardly. She herself does not deliberately crawl in the house, does not rush at people, avoiding them. The snake will attack only as a last resort and then, for the purpose of protection. It is a reptile ovoviviparous. The offspring are quite abundant; up to 72 snakes can be born at once. There is a known case when 109 embryos were found in one dead female during autopsy.
Indian cobra. Naja naja lives not only in India, but also in Burma, Afghanistan, southern China. You can meet this species in the south of Turkmenistan, right up to the Caspian Sea. The snake can reach a length of 1.4-1.81 meters. The legend about this cobra says that once the Buddha wandered the earth. And then one day he fell asleep in the midday sun. Then a cobra appeared before him, which opened its shield and covered the face of the god from the heat. The Buddha, in gratitude for this, promised his mercy to the snake, but soon forgot about his word. Cobra soon reminded him of the promise, as the vultures began to attack her relatives. To enable the snake to protect itself, Buddha gave her glasses, which became protection from birds of prey. In nature, the cobra prefers to bask in the sun before entering its home. As soon as a person appears nearby, the snake quickly hides. She will attack extremely rarely, only as a last resort defending herself from the attacker. Cobra venom is neurotoxic. Complete paralysis from it comes in just a minute. The power of the poison is such that the laboratory mouse dies from it in 2 minutes, and the chicken in 4 minutes. True, the cobra tries not to bite a man unnecessarily. Often the snake even makes only a false throw towards the enemy, without opening its mouth, but only frightening. However, you should not anger the cobra. If it is nearby, you cannot hit it with a stick or throw something at it. After all, this can anger a cobra, it can attack in self-defense.
Sandy Efa. The Echis carinatus species usually does not exceed 70-80 centimeters in length. Efu can be found in the valleys and foothills of Central Asia, in northern Africa. The bite of an ephae becomes fatal for a person. Even if he survives, he will remain disabled forever. In Africa, more people die from the poison of this snake than from all other venomous snakes combined. The favorite habitat of the epha is the hilly sands overgrown with saxaul. She also loves clay deserts, thickets of bushes, ruins and river cliffs. When conditions are favorable, Efa can be quite numerous. So in the valley of the Murgab River on an area of only 1.5 square kilometers. snake-catchers managed to get more than 2 thousand of these snakes in 5 years of hunting. Efa is a very interesting snake. She differs in many ways from her cold-blooded counterparts. If the winter is not cold, then the efa may not hibernate. These snakes can even mate in January. Little snakes appear by March. For most snakes, offspring are usually born not earlier than summer. Efa also lays eggs, giving birth to small snakes live. One female is capable of giving birth to 3-16 young heirs, which usually reach 10-16 centimeters in length. Although the efa is one of the most venomous snakes, the objects of its hunt are small. The main prey of the snake does not exceed the size of the mouse - grasshoppers, spiders, centipedes. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the Efa is quite mobile and does not know how, like its other relatives, to just lie in the sun. But it is precisely peace that is needed to digest large prey. Efa usually moves sideways. In this case, the head is thrown to the side, then the back of the body is brought forward, and the front is pulled up. This method of movement is very effective when moving on a loose surface. At the same time, a characteristic trace remains on the sand - oblique stripes with curved ends. Rarely, but efa still creeps into human dwellings. The last time such cases were recorded in Egypt. So you have to be careful when visiting abandoned houses or ruins in those parts. In 1987, three children found an epha's nest in an old empty house. All curious little ones died from snake bites, disturbing the hiding family. The snake had just given birth and began to protect its offspring. It was not possible to save the children, as the poison acted very quickly. Usually, with a bite, the first aid measure is to suck the poison from the wounds. So you can remove a significant part of the poisonous substance from the body. You can squeeze out the poison with your fingers and suck it out within the first 7-10 minutes after the bite. Such a measure is absolutely safe for people doing it. But there is no point in applying a tourniquet, because it does not interfere with the absorption of poison in any way.
Aspid. The Micrurus species is 0.6-2.5 meters long. It lives in Australia, North Africa, Argentina, Brazil and the West Indies. Aspid became famous for its extremely aggressive nature. The snake's venom acts with lightning speed, leading to the death of a person in just 7 minutes. The most common types of snakes are common, coral and Egyptian. The latter is the most poisonous of its kind. The death of a person from a bite occurs within 5 minutes. The average length of such a snake is 2 meters. The color of the Egyptian snake resembles a spectacle snake. It is curious that scientists assume the ability of a snake not only to bite venomously, but also to spit out poisonous saliva at a distance of up to one and a half meters. The common snake lives in Australia and New Guinea. It is smaller in length - up to one and a half meters. And his disposition is unfriendly. The snake attacks everyone who gets in its way, be it a person or an animal. From the bite of an ordinary asp, they also die quickly, moreover, in terrible agony. If the asp is going to attack, then the chances of escape are quite small. The traveler Anderson said that he once collected herbs. Suddenly the snake, unnoticed by him, was about to pounce on the man and bite his hand. Without thinking twice, Anderson rushed to run away. The snake did not even think to lag behind, practically overtaking the person. He was saved by a ditch where the fugitive stumbled and fell. The snake, in its rage, did not notice the disappearance of the pursued one, slipping past. Scientists have a vaccine against asps. But there is little sense in it, because the poison acts very quickly. In those 7 minutes that are allotted to a person, it is simply impossible to inject him with an antidote. Statistics states that out of 10 bitten, eight cannot be saved.
African boomslang. In the south and southwest of Africa, the species Dispholidus typus is found. Its length is 0.5-3 meters. The boomslang's venom is twice as dangerous as that of a viper or Indian cobra. The front teeth on the upper jaw of the snake have a groove. Poison flows there during the bite. He himself is highly toxic. When it enters the bloodstream, the poison immediately begins to destroy cells. In experiments, after being bitten by a boomslang, ducks died within 15 minutes, and paralysis occurred within a minute. In 1957, there was a famous tragic incident. Then the famous American zoologist and reptile specialist Karl Paterson Schmidt died from a boomslang bite. He tried to grab the snake in order to study it further. However, the boomslang was able to dodge the man's hands and bite him. While dying, the scientist continued to observe, describing his condition. Over the past 5 years, boomslangs have killed 23 people. For comparison, vipers killed twice as many in the same period, and cobras - three times as many people. With a boomslang, as with any other snake, you should be as careful as possible. You should not come close to her, anger her and make sudden movements. The snake becomes aggressive and attacks only through the fault of the person himself. Usually, the snake, seeing people, prefers to hide itself. The rules for communicating with her are simple - do not touch her, and she herself will not touch you.
Green mamba. In South Africa, the species of snakes Dendroaspis angusticeps lives, reaching a length of one and a half meters. Mamba venom is very toxic, even surpassing the poison of some cobras in its strength. This snake can attack unexpectedly, for no apparent reason and without warning. In this case, it becomes very difficult to escape from the mamba. In addition, the poison acts so quickly that doctors, even being on the spot, do not have time to administer the antidote. There can be no question of being transported to the hospital for the administration of medicine. The green mamba is very beautiful. The scales on her body shimmer with an emerald greenish color, in it there are shades of yellow and blue. Mambas love to jump from tree branches by the collar of their clothes. Getting it out quickly is pretty hard. While a person is busy, the snake has time to inflict its poisonous bite. It is rather difficult to spot a green mamba in the thick of leaves. Therefore, being in the habitat of such a snake, one must observe not only the living creatures teeming in the grass, but also look at the trees. If a green mamba is seen among the leaves, then it is better not to risk it, but to bypass this place.
Gyurza. The Vipera lebetina species lives in northern Africa, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northwest India. This snake is also found here in Dagestan. Gyurza reaches a length of one and a half meters. The snake is deadly. Even if the antidote is invented, it is often simply not possible to administer it to the victim. According to statistics, every fifth of those bitten dies. When the poison enters the bloodstream, it begins to destroy red blood cells, causing blood to clot. As a result, numerous internal hemorrhages, blockages of blood vessels are formed, and edema appears in the area of the bite. All this is accompanied by sharp pain, the person begins to feel dizzy, vomiting appears. The bitten one needs emergency help, otherwise he will die in 2-3 hours. The number of gyurza is quite large. Up to 5 snakes can be located on one hectare. At the same time, gyurza often gather in teams. There were cases when 20 of these snakes were found at once under a small stone. Gyurza is by nature rather slow, preferring to lie under a stone or in the sun. However, this behavior is characteristic of her, if nothing threatens the snake. And the gyurza does not pursue prey, but prefers to wait in one place. But the sluggishness and sluggishness of the snake is only an appearance. In case of danger, the gyurza begins to move quickly, including through trees. Usually the snake tries to hide in the nearest shelter as soon as possible. It is not worth her at such a moment to block the road. Gyurza begins to hiss menacingly, after which she can make a sharp throw with her whole body towards the enemy.