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Imagine that you need to prepare an interesting presentation or you need to write a report for a seminar on the latest advances in science and technology. Perhaps you have a desire to read ancient manuscripts? In any case, you go to the library.
Here the long-term funds contain not only books, manuscripts, but also various paintings, microfilms, transparencies, audio and video tapes. Also, various electronic media are becoming more and more widespread.
The largest libraries in the world are located in the United States. However, it is nice to know that Ukraine has something to be proud of! The largest libraries in the world are brought to your attention. Despite the development of e-books, hundreds and thousands of visitors come to these book temples every day.
Library of Congress, Washington, USA. One of the largest libraries in the world has suffered two devastating fires in its two hundred year history, but each time it was restored, and the rest of the library fund was replenished. A total of 740 books and only three maps of America - this is the entire original collection of the Library of Congress.
Today, the US National Library contains a huge fund - 33.5 million books, photographs, maps, manuscripts and records in more than 460 languages. The library building is one of the oldest government agencies in the United States. The Citadel of Knowledge is a complex of three very large buildings. The castle-like, largest library in the world is difficult to walk around in one day.
This is probably why visitors are offered free walking tours of the library. In just one hour, you can learn a lot about the history of the building and the work of the National Library. Moreover, there is also a shop where you can find various books, gifts and souvenirs.
Harvard University Library, Cambridge, USA. Today, the Harvard University library consists of many structural units, in total there are more than eighty centers of various directions. These are the libraries of Yale research centers, colleges, museums such as the Loeb Music Library or the Oak Eims Orchid Library. The collections of these libraries are formed in accordance with the profile of each department. Nevertheless, the library is united - it is managed by only one director. It is he who controls all the services that work on common projects for all local centers.
In total, the library fund has more than 16 million printed publications. In addition to specialized literature, the library contains many ancient manuscripts. This collection includes several million pieces. It also contains numerous European editions of the 16th-17th centuries. However, access to the library is strictly limited. Aren't you a Harvard student or university staff? Nothing, because you still have the opportunity to work with the library archive. How? It's simple - via the Internet.
Boston Public Library, Boston, USA. Boston is a student paradise. The most extensive library network is located here. There are only two buildings assigned to the central library. However, there are more than 25 branches. Every year the library runs an average of 50 different programs and hosts about 150 exhibitions. Thus, the library gives the public the opportunity to view books and documents that are usually only available for research by scientists.
The Boston Public Library is one of the largest public libraries in the United States. There is a sign above the main entrance: "Free for everyone." This library was the first to allow home borrowing of books and other materials. The institution contains over 15 million volumes. In 1986, the library building was designated a National Historic Landmark, one of America's finest examples of neo-Renaissance architecture. Inside the building there are beautiful frescoes, collections of rare books and manuscripts, maps and prints. The library can also please with a developed infrastructure, represented by a restaurant and cafe, a quiet courtyard, several conveniently and accessible Wi-Fi points at once.
British Library, London, UK. The British Library came into being as a result of the amalgamation of the British Museum Library and a number of less significant collections in 1972. Since the time of King George II, she has held the legal copy of all books published within the UK. The collection of the library has more than 150 million storage units, including 310 thousand volumes of manuscripts, 60 million patents, more than 4 million maps, over 260 thousand titles of magazines, etc.
About 3 million new items are added to the archives of the world's largest library every year. The entire fund requires more than 625 kilometers of shelves with an increase of 12 kilometers per year. The total area of the library is more than 112 thousand square meters. The building has 14 floors, 5 of which are underground. The British Library serves business and industry, researchers, academics and students in the UK and around the world. More than 16,000 people visit the library every day, many of them work with materials via the Internet.
Yale University Library, New Haven, USA. Yale University Library is one of the leading in the world. She conducts various research, replenishes and maintains her funds and, of course, provides access to unique sources of human thought and creativity. This institution supports teaching and research at Yale University and the academic community around the world.
A distinctive feature of the library is a large amount of resources. We are talking about about 13 million volumes, ranging from ancient papyri and ending with electronic databases. The library occupies 22 rooms and contains a large staff - over 600 employees. The pride of the university library is the Yale Center for British Art, which presents a collection of various paintings, sculptures, drawings, rare books. It also houses the Yale Collection of Babylonian Art, one of the five largest in the world.
New York Public Library, New York, USA. The New York Public Library was established in 1884. Today it includes 87 divisions (including 77 regional branches). Four research libraries do not allow home lending of books and materials. Subscriptions are issued at four other main centers. Among the departments there is also a library for people with disabilities.
Today, the New York Library is one of the most extensive libraries in the world. More than 16 million readers are served here every year. Access to library collections is free for everyone. In total, the archives of the New York Public Library contain over 50 million items. Over 20 million units are books, and the remaining 30 million are audio recordings, maps, paintings and drawings, films and newspaper clippings in dozens of languages. About 44.5 million items of the library fund are in the main collection and 8.7 million in branches. Every day the archives are updated with 10 thousand new titles.
Interesting fact: The New York Public Library contains a special division - the library police. The tasks of the special patrolmen include maintaining order and ensuring security. Moreover, these individuals are allowed to arrest violators. But, at the same time, some branches of the library use the services of various security agencies to ensure proper security.
National Library. Vernadsky, Kiev, Ukraine. The Vernadsky National Library is the main scientific and information center of Ukraine. It was founded in 1918. In those calm years, the country found an opportunity to think about the collection and safety of data. The library holdings here amount to more than 15 million items. The library's information resources are used by about 500 thousand readers a year. Also, up to 5 million documents are issued annually for personal use.
The institution contains a large staff - more than 900 employees. The National Library carries out book exchange with similar organizations in 80 countries of the world and with 1.5 thousand scientific institutions. The local archives contain the largest collection of Slavic writing and Jewish folklore. This is a unique collection. Since 1964, on the initiative of the UN, the National Library has been the custodian of UN documents and materials in Ukraine in Russian and English.
German Library, Berlin, Frankfurt, Leipzig, Germany. The National Library of Germany is the central archive and national center for the study of writing in this country. It emerged from the merger of the libraries of Frankfurt and Leipzig, which were once central to West and East Germany. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the largest German book archives were also merged with the music archive in Berlin.
The main task of the unique library is the collection, processing and storage of various documentation and publications in German from around the world. The processing of the accumulated archives began in 1913. The library contains local publications, foreign articles about Germany, translations of German works, as well as works of emigrants who left the country, dated from the period 1933-1945. Currently, all three branches of the library store more than 24 million items (Leipzig - 14.3 million, Frankfurt am Main - 8.3 million and Berlin - 1.5 million).
Canadian Library and Archives, Ottawa, Canada. The Canadian Library and Archives collects and preserves the cultural heritage of Canada. We are talking about texts, images related to the history, culture and politics of the country. Various materials come to the library and archives from government agencies, private donors, and through the legal deposit system. The director of the institution is far from the last person for his country. He holds the rank of Deputy Minister and holds the title of Librarian and Archivist of Canada.
The library and archive contains about 350 thousand works of art. Including - paintings of the XVI century, drawings, 21.3 million photographs and over 71 thousand hours of full-length and short films, dating back to 1897. Moreover, the library collection contains an electronic database of over 3.18 million megabytes and the largest collection of Canadian folk music.
National Library of China, Beijing. The National Library of China has many statuses, including the Scientific Library, the National Bibliographic Center, the National Library Information and Science Technology Library Network Center, and the Development Center.
The library covers an area of about 170 thousand square meters and has not only the largest collection of Chinese books in the world, but also the largest collection of materials in foreign languages in the country. In its collection there are more than 270 thousand volumes of rare books, as well as 1.6 million volumes of ancient books and manuscripts, 35 thousand parts of manuscripts and bones with inscriptions.
Today the library occupies three buildings. The main building was built in 1987. The oldest building was built in 1931, earlier it was the main building of the library. And today it houses a repository of rare books. The third building opened in 2008, located north of the main building. It can simultaneously accommodate up to 8 thousand visitors. The library is open to the public all year round, and the library's resources are available 24 hours a day via the Internet.